Literally paper pulp, the paper is left in water at least overnight to soak, or boiled in abundant water until the paper dissolves in a pulp. The excess water is drained, an adhesive is added and the papier-mâché applied to a form or, especially for smaller or simpler objects, sculpted to shape. When simulating Whitby Jet, the item was then lacquered glossy black. Often we see evidence of the lacquer wearing off over time leaving the brown paper pulp colour exposed. It was used for beads, brooches and small boxes.

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